Also commonly known as hypertension, high blood pressure has been hailed as a modern epidemic. It is a potentially dangerous condition which is why it is important to keep your blood pressure under control through lifestyle changes and medication. Here are 10 reasons why you should pay heed to your blood pressure and should adopt a healthy lifestyle in order to keep it within safe limits.
- Blood Vessels Damage
Elevated blood pressure wears out the structure of the walls of your blood vessels, especially the arteries since they bear the major impact of your blood pressure. Weakened arteries are prone to rupture and aneurysm (localized swelling of the wall of an artery) formation.
- Heart Problems
High blood pressure enhances the work load of the heart which can manifest as coronary artery diseases, left heart damage and even heart failure, thereby necessitating the need to keep an eye on your blood pressure.
- Brain Damage
Hypertension greatly increases the chances of bleeding within the brain leading to stroke, which can affect brain functioning. Dementia is one of the common consequences if the blood supply to memory controlling area is compromised due to blood vessel damage.
- Kidney Injury
Hypertension exerts harmful effects on the kidneys owing to the compromise of blood supply to the kidneys that can result from damage of the blood vessels supplying the kidneys. Kidney artery aneurysm, kidney failure and glomerulosclerosis (scarring of the kidneys) are some of the common outcomes.
- Visual Damage
Elevated blood pressure can even affect the minute blood vessels supplying the eye (retinopathy) resulting in bleeding within the eye, hazy vision and even visual loss. This is why keeping a vigilant check on the blood pressure is imperative.
- Sexual Dysfunction
In men who have crossed the threshold of 50, erectile dysfunction is a common result of high blood pressure which interferes with the normal sexual functions. In women, it manifests as vaginal dryness and decreased libido. For optimal sexual performance, it is necessary to monitor your blood pressure closely.
- Weakened Bones
High blood pressure causes the kidneys to try to compensate for the elevated blood pressure at the expense of increased urinary loss of calcium. This leads to weakening of the bones with a resultant increase in the likelihood of fractures.
- Metabolic syndrome
Metabolic syndrome comprises of a group of diseases including high blood pressure. The metabolic syndrome enhances the odds of developing heart problems, stroke and diabetes etc.
- Sleeping problems
Elevated blood pressure is directly associated with obstructed sleep apnea, a condition in which a person snores due to relaxation of throat muscles and finds it difficult to breathe. Controlling the blood pressure dramatically improves this condition.
- High Risk Pregnancy
Elevated blood pressure results in a condition known as preeclampsia in pregnant women in which proteins starts leaking in the urine and the woman can have fits. It is a potentially life-threatening situation both for the mother and the baby. The best course of management is timely identification of high blood pressure and optimal efforts to control it.